Also, we facilitate and help others develop education and programming initiatives in areas where we want students to make positive choices such as alcohol and other drugs, sexual assault or sexual violence prevention, bystander intervention, and coping skill development. Other roles include assisting partners with a diverse and inclusive campus, and case management for conflict prevention and management.
Sam Jennings Dean of Students E-mail New technologies make it possible for international organizations and government agencies to acquire more information and more granular information to inform prevention efforts—whether this data is voluntarily given in the form of citizen reporting, harvested from the data deluge online, or collected using new surveillance technologies. But much more work is needed to identify the levels of trust, transparency, and control that individuals, businesses, and governments are willing to accept when it comes to sharing data via digital technologies in a context of violence and conflict.
In the Latin America case, it was clear that citizens were more likely to report crime if they felt confident they could do so anonymously. And in Sudan, there were indications that when communities understand what their information is going to be used for, they may be more willing to participate. International organizations, governments, and civil society actors should establish consensus around questions of privacy, access, and use of digital data in any given initiative. This will make prevention efforts more legitimate in the eyes of affected communities, and ultimately more effective.
Partnerships will be essential for the effective application of new technologies for preventive ends. There are indications that prevention initiatives that drew on the complementary strengths of international donors, governments, the private sector, and civil society proved more effective. Indeed, in some contexts donors may need to sacrifice visibility for the sake of effectiveness.
This is particularly true when the use of new technologies to gather data in a politically charged context is seen as external meddling or even spying, which can de-legitimize and undermine the endeavor, if not kill the initiative completely.
The need for partnership in the realm of big data is particularly acute given the array of actors involved in extracting actionable information from the data deluge—private companies that hold the data, academics and technical experts who can analyze it, civil society actors who can put it in context, and governments and international bodies that can regulate its use and incentivize cooperation.
International organizations and governments are well placed to foster such partnerships and should invest in doing so for more promising results. The application of new technologies to conflict-prevention efforts has yet to show robust results. Most of the analysis points to the potential rather than the current reality, although there have been some significant, positive indicators at the local level in particular.
Continued, extensive research and systematic evaluation are needed for a deeper understanding of the realities as well as the possibilities.
New Technology and the Prevention of Violence and Conflict
With or without new technology, this is particularly true when it comes to bridging the gulf between warning and response. This could include assessing how ICT can be used to generate incentives for action, which seems to be more promising at a localized level, and to link decision-making processes with early-warning and conflict-prevention mechanisms. And given the huge pools of data that now need to be analyzed for actionable information, governments and international actors also need to invest heavily in analytical capabilities at local, national, and international levels. There is a real risk that applying new tools to a system that already struggles to meet its goals may not get much further than a Band-Aid effect.
But the increased horizontal spread of new technologies across societies has the potential to revolutionize these traditional systems by making more information available to more people. This not only makes it harder not to do something when violence or conflict appears imminent, it also makes response more likely because it empowers local actors—who are closer to the crisis—and creates incentives to take action. In the long run, however, the most effective approach to using new technologies for conflict prevention may well be the approach needed in prevention more broadly: one that successfully balances both grassroots, decentralized efforts and the more rationalized and coordinated activities of governments and international organizations.
National Conflicts : Management and Prevention
New Technology and the Prevention of Violence and Conflict. New York: International Peace Institute.
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See also Meier Croll, A International Telecommunication Union. Available at www. Mancini, F ed. Meier, P Fourth- Generation Early Warning Systems. The Global Observatory, November 5 Available at www. World Bank Mancini, F. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development , 2 3 , p. Mancini F, O'Reilly M. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development. Mancini, Francesco, and Marie O'Reilly. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 2, no. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development , vol.
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X close. Abstract Amid unprecedented growth in access to information communication technologies ICTs , particularly in the developing world, how can international actors, governments, and civil society organizations leverage ICTs and the data they generate to more effectively prevent violence and conflict?
Conflict prevention and resolution
New research shows that there is huge potential for innovative technologies to inform conflict prevention efforts, particularly when technology is used to help information flow horizontally between citizens and when it is integrated into existing civil society initiatives. In fact, failure to consider the possible knock-on effects of applying a specific technology can lead to fatal outcomes in violent settings.
In addition, employing new technologies for conflict prevention can produce very different results depending on the context in which they are applied and whether or not those using the technology take that context into account. This is particularly true in light of the dramatic changes underway in the landscapes of violence and conflict on a global level. As such, instead of focusing on supply-driven technical fixes, those undertaking prevention initiatives should let the context inform what kind of technology is needed and what kind of approach will work best.
Keywords: conflict prevention, information communication technology, big data, early warning, crime, violence. How to Cite: Mancini, F. Published on 29 Oct Peer Reviewed. CC BY 4. Learning from Different Contexts Before identifying cross-cutting recommendations for the more effective use of new ICTs in conflict prevention, it is worth highlighting the lessons learned from different contexts and tools. How-To Guide: Leveraging New Technology for the Prevention of Violence and Conflict The diversity and changing nature of conflict settings strongly suggest that those seeking to prevent conflict and save lives need to adapt their strategies to the context at hand.
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Even if you crowdsource your hammer, not every problem is a nail Assuming there is a technical fix for what is an inherently political problem is a dangerous path, no matter what technology is at hand. Consider the context Before embarking on any prevention initiative that seeks to apply innovative technologies, actors should step back and assess whether their investment will generate the desired results. National Conflicts: Prevention, Management and Resolution. GRIN Verlag, - 28 pages. Seminar paper from the. Conflicts around the world have not declined, despite the end of the Cold War.
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